*These are some sample lessons and activities that you can use for each VA SOL in the Number and Number Sense strand. The sites are linked to where you can download these lessons/activities and any corresponding printables. I suggest adapting these lessons and activities to fit the needs of your class and your teaching style.*

*Within each sample, one of the "relevant texts" from the previous page will be suggested for reading to your students BEFORE each lesson. Feel free to use your own book choices! The lessons will appear in order of the Standards of Learning (K.1-K.5) the way that I think they should be taught. Again, feel free to teach in the order that you feel is appropriate.*

**There are ALWAYS sample lesson plans straight from the VA DOE website. Simply:*

*1. Go to www.doe.virginia.gov*

*2. Click on "Tests & Standards of Learning (on left).*

3. Click on "Standards of Learning (SOL)" (in the center text).

*4. Click on "Mathematics" (on right).*

*5. Click on "Enhanced Scope & Sequence Sample Lesson Plans" (center in chart).*

*6. Type in "Number and Number Sense".*

*7. Check the "K box" for kindergarten.*

*8. Click "search". Sample plans for SOLs will appear.*

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__LESSONS/ACTIVITIES/PRINTABLES:(ALL of the Number and Number Sense VA SOLs are covered here.)__

*(click on red links to get connected directly to sites.)

Lesson Ideas-Number 1

VA SOL: K.2 (a, b, c) , K.1

BOOK:

*The M&M's Counting Book*by Barbara Barbieri McGrath.

LESSON/ACTIVITY IDEAS:

*M&M Lesson Plan*(k.2 a, b, c & k.1)

http://www.athens.edu/vinsobm/lesson_11.htm

This site provides a lesson plan that teaches counting 1-10 using concrete objects and writing the corresponding numbers. This lesson plan can be extended to include K.2 (a, b, c) and K.1. The

*M&M's Counting Book*is already incorporated into this lesson plan. There is also a link provided on this site to a "counting to ten" PowerPoint.

NOTES:

The numbers 11-15 are part of K.2. The

*M&M's Counting Book*goes through the number 12. The included lesson plan goes through the number 10. Please extend your lesson to include the numbers 11-15. Give the students fifteen M&M's instead of ten.

Explain to the students that the book goes to the number 12, but you will be talking about the numbers 13, 14, and 15 as well.

Teach K.2 (a, b, c) first, then group sets of ten concrete objects and discuss which has more and which has less (K.1); This element is covered in Amman's lesson plan as well.

Take your time with this lesson. Break it up into sections that you feel are appropriate for your class.

PRINTABLES/OTHER ACTIVITIES/MATERIALS: Using these worksheets/activities/materials during whole class/independent work time (in school or at home) is a way to incorporate them into your lessons as reinforcement activities. There are more sites included in the "assessments" and the "interactive sites for kids" pages.

*Counting Worksheets*

__http://www.education.com/worksheet/article/number-tracing-fifteen-kindergarten/__

This worksheet allows students to fill in the numbers 1-15 into boxes. This worksheet is effective practice for extending students' knowledge and practice of writing numbers to fifteen. This site is free to join and has a variety of colorful worksheets to choose from for all subjects.

*Number and Number Sense Worksheets and Games*

__http://www.softschools.com/grades/kindergarten.jsp__

This website is chock full of worksheets and interactive computer games to help reinforce Number Sense lessons (and more!).

Simply click on any of the Numbers activities and worksheets to go along with any of your lessons for this strand.

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Lesson Ideas-Number 2

VA SOL: K.3, K.4 (a, b)

BOOK:

*Ten Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed*by Annie Kuber

LESSON/ACTIVITY IDEAS:

Counting Backward from Ten/Ordinal Positioning Lesson (k.4-a, k.3)

http://www1.smsd.org/lessonplan/Plan/print.cfm?LessonID=174&Page=2

This lesson plan can be easily adapted to using the Ten Little Monkeys...book. This lesson plan offers some great ideas to get kids actively involved in counting backward from ten and ordinal positioning. The ideas are sound and can be easily expanded or modified to fit the needs of your students.

Identifying One More and One Less Than(k.4-b)

http://www.squidoo.com/how-to-teach-more-and-less

This page gives very simple and effective lesson plans that teach the concept of "one more and one less". This page offers worksheets that can accompany these lessons.

NOTES:

*Ten Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed*can be used to introduce the concepts: ordinal positioning (K.3), one less than and one more than a number (K.4-b) and counting backward from ten (part of K.4-a).

Be careful to separate these SOLs. When using the Ten Little Monkeys...book as a anticipatory part of your lesson, teach counting backward from ten first (K.4-a), ordinal positioning (K.3) second, and one more than and one less than a number (K.4-b) third.

Make sure to include zero when counting backward from ten.

I have included a "counting backward" lesson plan that I created on the "Lessons by Mrs. Roman" page.

PRINTABLES/OTHER ACTIVITIES/MATERIALS:Using these worksheets/activities/materials during whole class/independent work time (in school or at home) is a way to incorporate them into your lessons as reinforcement activities. There are more sites included in the "assessments" and the "interactive sites for kids" pages.

Mouse Counting Worksheets

http://www.themouseclub.co.uk/Adults/Lesson-plans/

Click on the "counting" lesson "free download" icon and four to five worksheets dealing with counting (forward and backward) and ordinal positioning will appear. These worksheets include the number 0. There are also some lesson plan ideas included.

Hundred Board Printable

http://www.apples4theteacher.com/math/games/100-number-chart-one.html

There is a free, printable hundred board (black and white) on this website. Print off enough for each student and laminate them for use in multiple activities.

Monkey Mask Cut-out

http://www.ziggityzoom.com/activity/monkey-mask-monkey-play

This site has a monkey mask that you can download for free onto heavy stock paper. The children can wear monkey masks while acting out the book,Ten Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed, as a fun and engaging reinforcement for the lesson.

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Lesson Ideas-Number 3

VA SOL: K.4(a), K.5

BOOK: One Hundred Hungry Ants by Elinor J. Pinczes.

LESSON/ACTIVITY IDEAS:

Counting 100 Ants on a Hundred Board K.4(a)

http://www.beaconlearningcenter.com/Lessons/11426.htm

This is a lesson plan that can be used to teach counting to one hundred. The book, One Hundred Hungry Ants is incorporated into this lesson.

Learning Halves and Fourths with Pie (K.5)

http://alex.state.al.us/lesson_view.php?id=26151

This lesson plan offers adaptability to many achievement levels and themes. The basic premise of cutting "something" into halves and fourths is shown clearly and effectively in this lesson plan.

NOTES:

(K.4-a)

Replace the "raisins" in this lesson with plastic ants.

(K.5)

Adapt the Pizza Lesson to whatever book and theme you decide to use. If using the "picnic ant" theme, change the "pizza pie" to a "cherry pie" that you can tell the students they are eating on their picnic. Use the plastic ants on the paper "pie" to represent the ants trying to eat the students' pies (instead of pizza toppings). Only cover the "halves and fourths" portion of the lesson.

Represent half of the pie by having the students cut the circle (pie) in half. Then have the students cut the another pie into fours. (Draw the lines on the pies for the students to cut.)

Give the students each twelve plastic ants. Tell them to put six ants on each half of the first pie (explaining half). When done, tell the students to put three aunts on each fourth of their second pie (explaining fourths).

Try also using a square (sandwich) so the students can see the relationship in a different shape.

The students will see halves and fourths represented by regions of on object and by parts of a set (K.5).

PRINTABLES/OTHER ACTIVITIES/MATERIALS:Using these worksheets/activities/materials during whole class/ independent work time (in school or at home) is a way to incorporate them into your lessons as reinforcement activities. There are more sites included in the "assessments" and the "interactive sites for kids" pages.

Site to Order Plastic Ants

http://www.amazon.com/Package-144-Plastic-Picnic-Ants/dp/B000HJ9RBM

You can order plastic "picnic" ants to count to one hundred, group into fives and tens (next lesson idea), and group into sets to represent fractions for halves and fourths.

Blank Hundred Chart Printable

http://math.about.com/od/countin1/ss/100s-chart.htm

This is a free website that you can download worksheets. This particular page has a blank hundred chart for students to fill in. There is a blank at the top of the worksheet that you can fill in to specify "how" you want the students to count to 100 (by ones, fives, tens...).

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Lesson Ideas-Number 4

VA SOL: K.4 (c)

BOOKS: Lots of Ladybugs! by Michael Dahl

Plenty of Petals by Michael Dahl

LESSON/ACTIVITY IDEAS:

Counting by 5's and 10'a on Hand Quilts

atozteacherstuff.com/printables/100_quilt.pdf

This is a ready-made set of hand quilts with a teaching idea attached. The students can easily adapt this activity to both counting by 5's and 10's. If the hands are lined up vertically there is an opportunity to clearly see skip counting by 5's and 10's.

*I have also included a simple lesson idea below to use in conjunction with reading the suggested books above.

NOTES:

Teach counting by fives lesson first, and then counting by tens. (Not on the same day.)

Simply, drawing five spots on each ladybug's wings and grouping rose petals by tens will help to teach your students the concept of counting by fives and tens. The following example is a very simple and effective way to help your students make the necessary connections:

The students will:

1. Count five spots on a wing and writing the number 5 on a piece of paper or chart.

2. Count five more spots on the next wing (saying 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) and write the number 10 next to the number 5 (to the right!)

3. Continue counting until they have written the numbers all the way to one hundred.

(5, 10, 15, 20...100)

4. Then, have the students read the numbers they have written aloud chorally.

*Do the same steps for counting by tens with the rose petals.

PRINTABLES/OTHER ACTIVITIES/MATERIALS:Using these worksheets/activities/materials during whole class/independent work time (in school or at home) is a way to incorporate them into your lessons as reinforcement activities. There are more sites included in the "assessments" and the "interactive sites for kids" pages.

Silk Rose Petals

http://www.efavormart.com/silk-petals.aspx?referral=adwords&kw=SilkPetal&gclid=CMvhh-za95sCFSQeDQodj1cKAA

This link will take you directly to a site that sells different color,silk rose petals for a very reasonable price.

Ladybug Math Activities and Mats

http://mathwire.com/themes/themelb.html#math

The "ladybug math activities" section of this website offers fun and effective activities to practice counting, grouping, and recording. There is a black and white and a color version of a "ladybug mat" that can be used for many activities including counting by 5's and 10's.